With the amount of use your mouth and teeth get every day—what with talking, biting, and chewing—they are always under a lot of strain. A bundle of nerves and live tissues all bunched together under a thick covering, your mouth is just as susceptible to decay and disease as any other part of you.

Bacteria thrive in cold, damp and dark places, and with the crevices and dips provided by the spaces between your teeth, your mouth gives bacteria the perfect place to live and spread. These bacteria can lead to any number of diseases, minor and major.

The good news is that most dental problems are easily avoidable with just a few precautions. But even with the most thorough dental hygiene regime, sometimes, problems are just unavoidable. In such cases, seeking out a professional would be the best step to take.

Here is a list of common types of dental diseases to look out for and their treatments:



The Causes

Also known as halitosis, bad breath is usually a sign of other underlying dental problems. These can range from stomach issues, gum disease, and cavities to oral cancer.

But just because you have a case of chronic bad breath does not automatically mean you’re suffering from a serious disease. Oftentimes, bad breath is just a result of poor dental hygiene.

Another reason for sudden bad breath could be something you ate. Foods like onions, garlic and cumin have pungent smells that tend to linger even after a few washes.

The Preventive Measures

Bad breath is easily preventable by taking good care of oral hygiene. However, if the problem persists, you may want to consult a dentist to find out other underlying causes.


The Causes

One of the most common reasons why people go to dentists, research has found that 92% of people in America have had at least one dental cavity in their lifetime. Dental cavities—or caries—refer to tooth decay as a result of poor diet and dental hygiene.

The Preventive Measures

Commonly detected through symptoms of sensitivity, tooth ache, or holes in teeth, cavities are easily prevented by proper oral hygiene and a change in diet. Avoid foods high in sugar and starch content, and brush and floss at least twice a day.

If you already have a cavity, get your dentist to give you a filling to prevent the cavity from turning into a more serious problem, like a root canal.


The Causes

The intensity of gum disease ranges from gingivitis—which is reversible—to periodontal disease. At the last stage of periodontal disease, gums can lose their capacity to hold teeth in place resulting in tooth loss.

Gum disease is usually caused by bacteria found in plaque, and shows symptoms of sore or bleeding gums, bad breath, or loose teeth.

The Preventive Measures

Like most other dental problems, gum disease too is easily preventable by maintaining a good oral hygiene routine.


The Causes

The most serious kind of dental issue, Oral Cancer usually starts with a pinkish growth in the mouth. Because oral cancer is usually painless, it can remain undetected for years before becoming far too advanced for treatment. It is usually caused a result of chain smoking and drinking.

The Preventive Measures

To reduce the risk of oral cancer, quit smoking or drinking alcohol or only take both in moderation. Alternatively, go for regular checkups at your dentist for early detection of the disease.


A family dental office based in Crystal Lake, Illinois, Route 14 Dentistry is dedicated to providing customers with all dental procedures—from preventive cleanings to cosmetic dentistry services. Contact us now and schedule your dental health checkup today!