Gum disease is a tricky condition as it doesn’t present itself like a common dental problem. You don’t immediately feel any pain in your teeth or gums. The lack of sharp pain will put you in a false sense of calm and you’ll be content with your dental hygiene.
Over time, you encounter problem…some seemingly small that emerge into a serious condition—and even loss of teeth!
Let’s explore what gum disease actually entails and how you can detect the early signs and symptoms of this deceptive ailment.
WHAT IS GUM DISEASE?
The academic name for gum disease is gingivitis. It is characterized by an inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease that specifically targets the tender gum area of the mouth. It is easy to treat with regular professional cleaning by a dentist and a strict hygiene of the mouth which includes brushing and flossing.
If left untreated, gingivitis can escalate to periodontitis which affects the tissues and bones supporting the teeth. This can cause your gums to degenerate and your teeth might come lose. A surgical intervention will be required to deal with this severe gum disease.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF GUM DISEASE
RED SWOLLEN GUMS
The first visible signs of gingivitis are red, swollen and tender gums. You might not experience pain at first, but over time, the swelling in the gums will cause irritation. The sensitivity in your gums and teeth will increase with the consumption of hot and cold food and drinks.
If you notice your gums bleeding often, especially when you floss or brush your teeth, then be on alert. Irritated and sore gums are a red flag of gingivitis.
Make sure that you aren’t aggressively brushing your teeth. Use a soft-bristled brush.
If you have constant bad breath or an unpleasant taste in your mouth, it is likely that bacteria is festering in the crevices of your teeth causing your breath to smell. These bacteria are hidden in between your teeth and, with time, will lead to gum disease.
Plaque that grows in between your teeth and doesn’t go away with flossing will most likely lead to the degeneration of your gums, bones and tissues.
Bad oral hygiene leads to the growth of bacteria and over time forms plaque. If left untreated, the plaque will harden and form a hard-yellow film around the teeth and gum line known as tartar.
Your teeth will start pulling away from the gums and take an elongated shape. The gumline will start to recede and expose the root of the teeth. White spots and pus on the gums will appear and cause soreness.
If you notice a shift in your teeth structure or partial denture fit, then visit a dentist immediately. If the space between your teeth starts to widen, it is a sign of early gum disease and must be treated before it turns serious.
CAUSES OF GUM DISEASE
Gum disease is usually caused by a poor dental hygiene that leads to bacteria and plaque development. You should brush your teeth at least 2 times a day; before sleeping at night and after waking up in the morning. The food that gets stuck in between your teeth needs to be removed by flossing on a daily basis.
Other causes of gingivitis include, smoking, chewing tobacco, puberty, pregnancy, menopause, cancer, excessive alcohol consumption, stress, poor diet and nutrition.
BOOK A DENTIST APPOINTMENT
A regular dental checkup by a healthcare professional is very important to prevent diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis.
If you have experienced any of the symptoms mentioned above or notice some early signs of gingivitis, book an appointment with the dentist today and get a treatment plan going.
Route 14 Dentistry is a great choice for reliable and trustworthy treatment for gum disease. It offers other dentistry services likedentures, periodontal care, root canals and dental implants. Book an appointment with our dental office in Crystal Lake, Illinois for an affordable service in a relaxed dental environment.